How many bags of sand and cement do I need?

This article aims to answer the question “How many bags of sand and cement do I need?”. It will also discuss the importance of adding sand in the cement mixtures. 

How many bags of sand and cement do I need?

The required quantity of sand and cement depends on the strength you want to have, and for what purpose you are using the concrete. 

Your desired strength will be determined by a variety of factors, including the ratio of cement to sand and gravel, the relative densities of the various sand and gravel ingredients, the weight of a single cement bag, and the particle size distribution of those two materials.

Cement bags are available in a variety of weights around the world, including 20kg, 25kg, 40kg, 50kg, and 94lb. You should first select the weight of your cement bag based on where you intend to use it.

If you’re using a wheelbarrow to weigh sand, gravel, and ballast, the size of the wheelbarrow will determine how many shovels full of sand, gravel, and ballast it takes to fill a cubic foot of cement, sand, and gravel.

4 parts gravel to 2 parts sand to 1 part cement, or 4:2:1, should be utilized in a 3000 PSI concrete mix (4 gravel:2sand:1cement).

How much sand do I need for a 25kg bag of cement?

You would need a 1:5 ratio of Portland cement and sand. Read on to know more: 

Because Portland cement weighs typically 1440 kilograms per cubic meter, one 25 kilogramme bag of cement generates around 0.60 cubic feet. Crushed stone has a bulk density of 1520 kg/m3, which means that a cubic foot of stone weighs roughly 43 kilogrammes. 

Sand is dense at 1600kg/m3, which means that a cubic foot of sand is around 45kg in weight. The amount of water needed is determined by the water cement ratio, which is typically 0.50 on mild exposure.

When making a standard mortar mix, you’ll need one part Portland cement and five parts sand. That’s one bag of 25 kilogrammes of cement, which is equal to 0.60 cubic feet, mixed with three kilogrammes of sand (0.60 5 = 3), or 25 kilogrammes of cement mixed with 135 kilogrammes of sand (45 kilogrammes multiplied by five equals 135 kilogrammes) and 13 liters of water.

How can I calculate required quantities of sand, Aggregate and cement for nominal Concrete Mix?

Materials and quantities must be determined in order to produce concrete with desirable attributes such as workability, strength, curing time, and durability.

While adopting a mix design is recommended to optimize material use, it is not always practical to come up with a mix design on the job site. To achieve the desired compressive strength, a nominal mix of cement, sand, and aggregate is used.

Sand and gravel, or “aggregate,” make up 60 to 80 percent of a normal concrete mix. It’s more than just a filler in this aggregate composition. It’s a critical ingredient in the making of concrete. 

What you put in your bag of cement is determined by the weight and texture you want. In fact, the concrete mixture is transformed into something quite different when sand and gravel are removed.

What is the importance of sand in cement?

sand, silica sand, limestone, shale, and clay make up cement. Once the ingredients have been combined, they are baked to decomposition. They’re ready to be used as a binding agent at this point. 

Although water aids in the pouring and hardening of cement, cement and water on their own do not form a strong bond. In fact, sand and gravel are almost always used in conjunction with cement. 

In order for cement to harden, sand must be incorporated into the mix. As the name implies, mortar is made by mixing cement with water and sand. Concrete is created by adding crushed stone to the mixture.

There are numerous reasons why sand and gravel are used in the construction of concrete. They increase the volume of the concrete by acting as a filler. Less air and a stronger product are the results of increased volume. 

Concrete’s tensile strength is also influenced by the particle size. In spite of the increased friction and difficulty of mixing, larger bits of gravel produce a stronger concrete.

What is the purpose of adding sand in cement mortar?

In mortar, the sand is employed for the following functions:

  • Mortar’s tensile strength is not increased in this way. However, it serves as a flavor enhancer. It is thus more economical to use a larger volume of mortar.
  • The carbon dioxide is absorbed through the gaps in the sand and the setting of fat lime proceeds effectively if the building material is fat lime.
  • It keeps the mortar from shrinking excessively during drying, preventing it from splitting during setting.
  • It can be used to vary the percentage of cement or lime in mortar to alter its strength. Additionally, it strengthens the mortar’s resistance to crushing.
  • It breaks up the paste of the binding material into a thin film, allowing it to spread and adhere to more surfaces.

What is the standard recipe for adding sand in cement?

Concrete is typically mixed with one part cement and two parts sand, which is a fairly normal ratio. This recipe yields concrete with a C20 strength rating when four parts of crushed stone are added to the mix. 

After curing for about a month, the strength of a batch of concrete is measured using a numerical system. In terms of strength, C20 concrete would be classified as medium-strength. The higher the number, the more durable the concrete will be.

Concrete’s strength can be easily altered by varying the sand-to-cement ratio. The stronger the concrete will be the closer you go to a one-to-one ratio of sand to cement. A product with slightly less strength will be produced if the ratio is shifted to the opposite direction.

Despite the fact that all concrete mixes contain Portland cement, the type of sand utilized differs from one batch to the next. The sort of sand you use in the concrete mix has an impact on its strength in addition to the ratio. 

Beach sand that has not been washed is likely to generate a less-sturdy product than sand that has been cleaned to ensure uniformity in quality.

The strength of concrete is not solely determined by the sand-to-cement ratio, but by other factors as well. Concrete is often composed of four elements, not simply two, as previously stated. 

Cement-sand ratio is only one factor to consider; the gravel-to-sand ratio is another. As a last consideration, the amount of water used in the finished product is also critical.


Although water aids in the pouring and hardening of cement, cement and water on their own do not form a strong bond. In order for cement to harden, sand must be incorporated into the mix. 

As the name implies, mortar is made by mixing cement with water and sand. Concrete is created by adding crushed stone to the mixture.

As a last resort, you might use ready-mixed cement that doesn’t require you to add sand. Only water and ready-mix cement are needed to make the cement you desire.

Frequently asked questions (FAQS): How many bags of sand and cement do I need?

Why do I need sand in cement?

You need sand to make concrete durable. Getting the proportion of aggregate to sand to cement makes it right, and you’ll have a durable concrete mix. 

What happens if you use cement without sand?

The cement will harden without sand, but it will also offer a lot of shrinkage cracks and may not provide the desired bonding if you don’t add sand to your mix.

What is the best sand and cement mix?

4 parts sharp sand to 1 part cement for modern homes. Generally speaking, 3-5 parts sharp sand to one part sand is acceptable. The floor must be able to breathe when working on historic structures, so use a lime-based screed.


DARIUS NEGAHBANI. How to mix cement to make Mortar or Concrete. Marshalls: Gardens and driveways. Retrieved from:,parts%20aggregates%20can%20be%20used

Cement to sand ratio for mortar, brickwork and plastering. CivilSir. Retrieved from: